Powers and Duties of the Parish Council

Item Detail Reference


Powers to provide allotments
Duty to provide allotment gardens if demand unsatisfied

Small Holdings Act 1908
ss23,26 & 42


Power to make records held available to the public and to support local archives

Local Government Records Act 1962
ss1 & 4

Baths and

Power to provide public baths and washhouses

Public Health Act 1936
ss221, 222, 223 & 227

Burial Grounds, Cemeteries and Crematoria

Power to acquire and maintain

Open Spaces Act 1906 ss9 & 10
Local Government Act 1972 s214


Power to provide
Power to agree to maintain monuments and memorials

Parish Councils and Burial Authorities (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1970 s1


Power to contribute towards expenses of cemeteries

Local Government Act 1972 s214 (6)

Bus Shelters

Power to provide and maintain shelters

Local Government (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1953 s4

Bye Laws

Powers to make Bye Laws in regards to pleasure grounds

Public Health Act 1875 s164


Cycle Parks

Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 s57


Baths and Washhouses

Public Health Act 1936 s223


Open Spaces and Burial Grounds

Open Spaces Act 1906 ss12 & 15


Mortuaries and Post-Mortem Rooms

Public Health Act 1936 c198

Car Sharing Schemes

Power to establish, maintain and assist others

Local Government and Rating Act 1997 s26


Duty to receive accounts of parochial charities

Charities Act 1960 s32


Power to provide public clocks

Parish Councils Act 1957 s2

Closed Churchyards

Powers as to maintenance

Local Government Act 1972 s215

Commons and Common Pastures

Powers in relation to inclosure, as to regulation and management, and as to providing common pasture

Inclosure Act 1845;
Local Government Act 1894 s8(4);
Smallholdings & Allotmentst Act 1908 s34;
Commons Act 1899

Conference Facilities

Power to provide and encourage the use of facilities

Local Government Act 1972 s144

Community Centres

Power to provide and equip buildings for use of clubs having athletic, social or educational objectives

Local Government (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1976 s19

Crime Prevention

Powers to spend money on various crime prevention measures

Local Government and Rating Act 1997 s31

Delegated Functions

Power to assume a function delegated by another authority

Local Government Act 1972
ss101, 111 & 112


Power to ensure effective discharge of Council functions



Power to employ persons to carry out Council functions



Power to deal with ponds/ditches, agreements with landowners and with English Nature to manage Council-owned reserve land as a nature reserve

Public Health Act 1936 s260

Legal Proceedings

Power to prosecute or defend

Local Government Act 1972 s222

Listed Buildings

Power to contribute to the preservation of historic buildings

Essex Act 1987 s48


Provision of receptacles

Litter Act 1983 ss5.6


Power to promote

Lotteries & Amusements Act 1976 s7


Power to deal with offensive ditches

Public Health Act 1936 s260

Open Spaces

Power to acquire land and maintain

Public Health Act 1975 s164; Open Spaces Act 1906 ss9 & 10; Commons Act 1899

Parish Property and Records

Powers to direct as to their custody

Local Government Act 1972 s226


Right to be notified of and power to respond to planning applications

Town & Country Planning Act 1990 s1 ss8;
Local Government Act 1972 s15 ss20

Postal and telecommunications facilities

Power to pay the Post Office, British Telecommunications or any other public telecommunications operator any loss sustained in providing post or telegraph office or telecommunications facilities

Post Office Cat 1953 s51;
Telecommunications Act 1984 s97

Public Buildings and Village Halls

Power to provide

Public Health Act 1936 s87

Public Conveniences

Power to provide


Public Enquiries

Power to make representations at public enquiries

Local Government Act 1982 s222

Publicise Functions

Powers to publicise council and local authority functions

Local Government Act 1982 s142

Raising of Finances

Power to raise money through the precept

Local Government Act 1982 s150


Power to acquire land for or to provide receation grounds, public walks, pleasure grounds and open spaces and to manage and control them

Public Health Act 1875 s164; Local Government Act 1972 s14 ss27; Public Health Acts Ammendents Acts 1890 s44; Open Spaces Act 1906 ss9 & 10; Local Government (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1976 s19; Commons Act 1899


Power to provide gymnasiums, playing fields and holiday camps



Provision of boating pools

Public Health Act 1961 s54

Taxi Fare Concessions

Power to reimburse operator

Local Government and Rating Act 1997 s28


Power to contribute to organisations encouraging

Local Government Act 1972 s144

Transport and Traffic

Power to conduct surveys to establish the transport needs of the community, the use of and need for roads and the management and control of traffic

Local Government and Rating Act 1997 s29


Power to collect and disseminate passenger transport information and make grants for bus services

Local Government and Rating Act 1997
s29 (2) 27


Powers to contribute financially to traffic calming schemes

Local Government and Rating Act 1997 s26


Powers to train Councillors

Local Government Act 1972 s175


Powers to spend money on community transport schemes

Local Government and Rating Act 1997 ss26-29

War Memorials

Power to maintain, repair and adapt war memorials

War Memorials (Local Authorities Powers) Act 1923 s1; as extended by Local Government Act 1948 s123

Water Supply

Powers to utilise well, spring or stream and to provide facilities for obtaining water there from

Public Health Act 1936 s125


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